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OPINION: The Igbos In The History Of Nigeria And The Euphemism Called Biafra By Muhammad Isa Gunda


OPINION: The Igbos In The History Of Nigeria And The Euphemism Called Biafra By Muhammad Isa Gunda

igbos history in nigeria

Feb 6, 2016 – OPINION: The Igbos In The History Of Nigeria And The Euphemism Called Biafra By Muhammad Isa Gunda

Anybody that has a good relationship with National Dailies and media houses in Nigeria must have heard a thing or two about recent development in the South-East and south-south parts of the country. Once again the corporate body known as Nigeria is shaking on its legs like a toddler. Some states of South-East and South-South have cease to see any more reason to be part of Nigeria, they want to construct a country where the running of the administration from top to the bottom is strictly for the Igbos and other tribes of the South-South. They are sick and tired of the romance between Nigeria and them and so they are calling for secession again.

The question on the lips of every other Nigerian is ’Why?’ The people calling for break up failed to succinctly state their reasons, they just want Biafra and are ready to die for their sweetheart. I tried to do some homework in other to know why this people are agitating for Biafra again, the answers I discovered was that the Igbo feel they are been marginalized and excluded from power. I blush after I discovered their reasons for the agitations. Anyone in full possession of his brain will want to agree with me that this is laughable. Are you people serious? Anybody with a high sense of perception and deep knowledge of Nigerian history knows the crime committed by the Igbos to Nigeria.

The history of Nigeria since independence is too recent, too well-documented to be rewritten with impunity as a political tragedy because many real-life participants are still very much around. It was only in the 1960’s that the Nigerian Army was predominated by officers of Igbo tribe. It was only in 1966 that a group of these Igbo officers decided to destroy the peace of the then six years old baby called Nigeria and wage war against other tribal groups. That was when five officers of the rank of Major decided to kill the premiers of North and West while letting the Premier of the East and Igbo Senate President go scot-free, to assassinate the Prime Minister who was a Northerner and execute the Finance Minister who was from the Mid-West; to execute top most senior military officers from North and West while letting most senior military officer and army commander who was an Igbo go scot-free. All the prominent civilian and military leaders from North and West were executed.

The Igbo Senate President, acting for the Igbo President in his absence was, by the constitution mandated to swear-in the most senior NPC Minister as the Prime Minister. He did not, instead, having consulted his Igbo President hand over power to the Igbo GOC in fragrant disregard for the provisions of the constitution. The speech of Nzeogwu, the magazines and newspapers published during the Ironsi government, his declaration of a unitary state, all of these are too documented to be rewritten.

The Igbo people were responsible for first military coup in Nigeria; they were responsible for the first attempt at ethnic cleansing; they were responsible for the first violation of constitutionally laid down secession procedures; they were responsible for the destruction of the federation and the creation of the unitary system of which they are now victims (since the initial objective was for the Igbos to dominate others); they were responsible for Nigeria’s first civil war.

In the face of all these facts, it makes no sense for the Igbos now to cry for exclusion from power. Granted, the Igbo people as a whole must not be punished for the actions of some. Which is actually why the Igbos have their son from Delta State as the Group Managing Director of NNPC, the only state-owned company that operate in the Nigerian Oil and Gas Industry. Granted, there can never be full reconciliation without justice and equity. Granted, the Igbo people, like all Nigerians have the right to fight against perceived injustice. The way to do this is by integration into the country, by joining broad-based parties and establishing a system that guarantees all individuals and groups their rights and liberty. It is not by following a man that obviously will lead them to defeat.

It is doing no good to the image of Igbos in the eyes of ordinary Nigerian to see those agitators carrying banners, roaming and taunting the streets of Aba, Enugu and Warri. One must admit that, even though Biafra was crushed to dead by Gowon’s Military Administration, the spirit of Biafra is still hiding behind the cold eyes of some Igbos. But ever since the present administration of Buhari came to power in May this year, the topic of Biafra became popular. The sole beast that woke the spirit of dead Biafra is a radio station called Radio Biafra.

I learned that the founder of the radio station is an Igbo man based in U.K. I immediately stand still the moment I found that out, looking disappointed and a face full of pity for my brothers and sisters in the South East under the hot sun, sweating and shouting like a hungry mad woman all because of announcement over the radio by a man based in U.K. This completely destroy the rest of respect I have for the Igbo people.

How can you allow a man sitting comfortably in his office in U.K push you into fire? The scenario is similar to using remote controller to forward, pause or play a movie on your television set, accept that this is not a movie. The Igbos are known to other Nigerians as businessmen and women, as astute when it comes to business running and also very hardworking people. How I wish they will keep these attributes to themselves and stop following some guy that is wasting their precious time for nothing.

Nigeria today have a lot to worry about today. Still battling with the terrorism, a battered economy almost into recession, inflation in the economy is almost double digits at about 9.4%, unemployment estimated at 40%, drastic fall in economic growth from 7% to as low as 2%, mighty fall in national income as a result of falling crude oil price in the world market, all is certainly not well Nigeria at the moment. These are the problems affecting us all as a people. Nigeria need our unity more than ever in face of all these economic problems.

These problems alone in my opinion are enough to give any country insomnia. I beg of the Igbos with all my heart to not plus our problems by calling for Biafra again. Because they bought their position today with the roles they played in the past. If they are looking for who to blame for their failures I will advise they look in the mirror.

[About the author: Muhammad Isa Gunda Writes From Gombe, Email:]



  1. John Emeka

    February 6, 2016 at 6:45 AM

    U really need more knowledge in nigeria history, u still hv alot 2 learn bcos i can see u re ignorant of everytin..

    • AJ

      February 7, 2016 at 12:36 AM

      @john Emeka,
      It seems you are the one who is succinctly exhibiting lack of KNOWLEDGE of Nigerian history…read the article again for proper understanding ok!

  2. Metu Nyetu

    February 6, 2016 at 7:57 AM

    I support the Biafra cause. Yes. But my reasons are not based on marginalization of the Igbos. It is just that I see no future in Nigeria anymore: it is not just working. It seems our diversity far outweighs our commonality such that moving forward is impossible. Hence, whether the Igbos are marginalised or not means no much to me.

    However, Mr Writer, you imply that their is nothing like Igbos marginalisation in your piece. I almost believed you until you unwittingly betrayed yourself. I quote you: “…they (i.e. the Igbos) were responsible for the destruction of the federation and the creation of the unitary system of which they are now VICTIMS (since the initial objective was for the Igbos to DOMINATE others); they were responsible for Nigeria’s first civil war.”

    Mr Writer, you disagree with the school that says the Igbos are maginalised, yet you turned around and said that they are now the victims of their plan to dominate other tribes; instead of them dominating, they are now dominated and maginalised. I don’t have to call you a liar. But I have seen that your heart knows the truth that your tongue is not willing to speak

  3. chidijakes

    February 6, 2016 at 8:15 AM

    The claws of deception from your people have eating inside you to the extent that you don’t even know what to believe again rather than to vomit shit .

  4. D Hunter

    February 6, 2016 at 8:25 AM

    D 2rut of d mata is dat, honestly… D FG is nt treatin d Igbos right.

    • Me

      February 7, 2016 at 12:28 AM

      @The Hunter,
      In what way? Explain Urself…..Its not so nice and illectual in a public forum to make such blank statement….. an explanation will suffice and it will potray positive decorum.

  5. my lady

    February 6, 2016 at 9:09 AM

    Muhammad Isa Gunda u are biased

  6. my lady

    February 6, 2016 at 9:11 AM

    Muhammad Isa Gunda u are biased

  7. my lady

    February 6, 2016 at 9:12 AM

    Muhammad Isa Gunda u are biased

  8. my lady

    February 6, 2016 at 9:15 AM

    Muhammad Isa Gunda u are biased. thank u metu nyetu

  9. Ik

    February 6, 2016 at 9:44 AM

    The truth still remains that if these people are no longer interested in being part of nigeria, why not let them go and be on their own.

  10. Maryf

    February 6, 2016 at 10:34 AM

    I support Biafra, Nigeria is not a country anymore. Everything is getting worse by the day all because Hausas and yorubas are ruling Nigeria to nothing but death.

    • gafar

      March 18, 2016 at 8:48 AM

      nigeria might not be a country anymore, we are just going down as a country, I agree wholeheartedly with u, but for one, the mess we are in is caused by each and every tribe including ur igbo leaders. all of them are responsible

  11. Amazon

    February 6, 2016 at 11:27 AM

    Na him sabi

  12. Divine favour

    February 6, 2016 at 12:05 PM

    Attention seeker. Next


    February 6, 2016 at 12:23 PM


  14. Dede

    February 6, 2016 at 12:46 PM

    Nwannem Metu, onye ji gi ji mmadu.

    @writer, I may react to your piece if I find the time to do so.

  15. Jojo

    February 6, 2016 at 2:49 PM

    Long talk

  16. Concerned-citizen

    February 6, 2016 at 6:39 PM

    @ The author ,
    Respect! A very good and well written article. It is utterly shocking to know that for all the grandstanding bravados of the people from the South Eastern part of Nigeria; and all their claims to smartness and business acumen-that they have actually allowed a schmuck like Nnamdi Kanu; to sell them a baloney. This goes to show that, there are still some very naïve people from this part of Nigeria (South East).
    Or how else will one explain this current agitation for Biafra with such intensity –why now? Why did this clamour for Biafra, NOT so intense during the time of Azikiwe Ebele Jonathan, their own blood and brother…Why?

    The writer was very right when he stated that people from the South Eastern part of Nigerian should first look in the mirror before blaming other people for their problems.(If Any at all).
    Hence the problem facing everybody in Nigeria is NOT peculiar to the South Eastern people alone i.e unemployment, bad roads and lack of constant electric power supply just to mention a few.
    Also the people from the South Eastern part should first look inward by going back to the drawing board to ask themselves this genuine and honest question –which is that; are they the people(South East) honest and trustworthy enough to govern themselves? If some of their own blood brothers just recently conned some of their unsuspecting gullible agitators of their hard earned money and sweat, with a passport scam-(Some miscreants amongst the Biafra agitators sold fake Biafrain passport to some MASSOB and IPOB members, thus profiting almost #500,000,000 naira(Five hundred million Naira) from this scam.
    Lastly I will like implore all sensible South Eastern persons to go and find out who changed the destiny of Nigeria from a well established Republic/confederation settings to a Unitary style of governance in 1966.I will give you guys a clue here..Does the name Aguiyi-Ironsi, ring a bell to anyone?…please go and read about the history of Nigeria before fomenting unnecessary trouble.

  17. james

    February 6, 2016 at 7:31 PM

    Mr Witer, there is so many coup in the African countries then and you can not say that any one carried out by any officer from any tribe in any paticular country then will be interpreted that the people destroy the country,the coup in Nigeria was just pure Miltry matters but the rest turn it into tribal cleaning, killing so many innocent Igbos who dont know what is happing,it is not done in any part of african then, there is cope in Ghana, in Togo in so many places then but it is only the Nigerian coup that was turn into igbo coup, time shall tell and the futher will contunie to judeg this nation,i think as a patrotic Nigerian, you can not write an article like this, well not your fault,it is the fault of the so many elite Igbos who seems like a pregant woman who easly forget the child birth pain as soon as she delivered.Long live Nigeria.

  18. A.z

    February 6, 2016 at 8:16 PM

    Mohamed Isa u deserve to be arrested and delt with for ur high tribalism even when is too open of igbos suffering during and after the war

  19. Amarachi jonathan

    February 6, 2016 at 10:38 PM

    Buhari should release nnamdi kanu

    • Suzy

      February 7, 2016 at 12:38 AM

      @ Amarachi
      Why should Buhari do that…???

  20. Stargurl

    February 6, 2016 at 11:46 PM

    Concern citizen you said it all,sound of applause ????.

  21. Omokehinde

    February 7, 2016 at 3:01 AM

    It is highly dishonest to hear that the Ndigbo people have been marginalized and treated badly in Nigeria. Actually, the reverse is the case. Why? Igbos are the only tribe in Nigeria with over 70% of her population living outside their Southeast territory. They control trade in Nigeria because majority of Igbo people are traders, business minded people, and they are alwsys searching for opportunities all over Nigeria. Yet, they claimed they have been marginalized. That is the most ridiculous and most dishonest statement from a tribe who have enjoyed economic benefits of other regions in Nigeria but refuses to grant same opportunity to very very few non-Igbo minority in the Southeast region.

    The Igbos own Hausa/Fulani and Yoruba an apology for killing our political leaders in the 1996 bloody and first coup popularly called “Igbo Coup”. In fact, Chief Obafemi Jeremiah Awolowo narrowly escape Igbo ethnic cleansing of 1966 because he was imprisoned in Enugu. It is true that Igbo bloody soldiers shot Sir Ahmadu Bello and Tafawa Balewa in the head. They killed several Hausa and Yoruba founding politicians and high military officials in their unholy and Ungodly quest to dominate every other tribe in Nigeria. Chelf Akintola was the premier of the Western region, he was also killed by Igbo soldier in the first bloodbath in Nigerian history just 4 years after the independent. The coup was carried out by Igbo rustless military to supress and dominante Nigeria aND herror en tire population. However, the counter-coup led by majority of Northern soldiers coup with some brave Yorubas got the first Nigerian dictator-General Aguiyi-Ironsi killed just six months after the first Igbo brutality, great mistrust, tribal tension. The higly successful counter coup terminated Igbo plan and quest to solely dominate our beloved nation.

    After criminal and senseless Aguiyi-Ironsi was killed in the counter-coup, the Ndigbo devised another mean to continue their ungodly domination. This time around, they resulted to dominate the Southsouth oil region, recolonize them, and supress the people. Then, about 60% of the present SS region was part of the Eastern region before the independent of 1960. Col. Chukemaka Ojukwu weighed a failed war against Nigerian unity just to have control and total dominance over the southsouth oil wealth. The most beneficiary of the civil war was the southsouth of present Nigeria. The rest is history.

    Now, one dumb Londoner, looter, 419, jobless and mannerless foreigner is cajoling the Igbos to weigh another fail and dumb war just because he wanted to make money of those dumb Biafran agitators. Every NigeRian tribe is better off in a United Nigeria. This is why the Igbo always lay claimed on some section of the southsouth region today as part of their proposed Biafra. Kanu Nnamdi will surely run back to England after creating civil unrest in SE region just as Col. Chukemaka Ojukwu ran away with every member of his family to another nation when Biafra war he created got really ugly and intensified. At the end, over 1 million innocent Ndigbo died untimely during the civil war. The Igbo youths should integrate themselves with the rest of the nation if they ever have any chance to produce an Igbo president that would be voted in by all Nigerians. There will never again be a regional president in Nigeria.

  22. Frankfair##

    February 7, 2016 at 5:53 AM

    @omokeinde. u only remembered the southwestern during military coup but how there were killed is what u don’t know, secondly ‘who died before each other and what causes their death is still a misery to u as well. Where are peoples like (Nzeogwu, mike okpara, aguiyi ironsi. etc) I need u to go back to history.


    February 7, 2016 at 7:29 AM

    Hello brother Frankfair##,
    In case you don’t know, crude oil was first discovered in the area of Port Harcourt in small quantity in is also undisputable fact that major K. Nzeogwu was the known soldier that shot and killed Sir AHMADU Bello. Do your finding, and you will also find out that major Emmanuel Ifeajuna was the guy who shot and killed Prime Minster-Alhaji Tafawa Balewa in that bloody coup or ethnic cleaning. THe premier of WESTERN Region-Akintola was also killed along side powerful Yoruba politicians and high ranking military officials. But these tribalistic Igbo soldiers kept their own politicians safe in the coup. The lives of DR. Nnamdi Azikiwe and Micheal Opara and other prominent Igbo leaders were spared in that first and bloody coup in Nigerian history. This marked the beginning of the great mistrust and the greatest betrayal in Nigerian history. Shortly after that ugly incident, Col. OJUKWU declared failed war against Nigerian unity.

    I have no bad feeling against any Igbo because after the civil war, the Ndigbo also played a crucial rule in social, political, and economical development of Nigeria. The Igbo youths should ignore the division and sentiment of the past in other to produce Igbo democratically elected president in the nearest future. ThOSE Biafran agitationS will further create division and mistrust between the Igbos of this generation and the rest of the nation. THIS IS A BAD IDEA For political advancement of GOOD and nationalist Igbos who want to become NIgerian President in the future. I want to believe the Igbos MEANING OF “marginalization” is their inability to assume the highest office in the land after the coup. In democracy, it is impossible for an agitated region anywhere in the world to produce president of a nation. Why? Former PRESIDENT Jonathan WON ALL THE Southwest, Southsouth, southeast, and about five other northern states in 2011 to become elected president because we all trusted him to uphold Nigerian unity. OBJ, YARADUA, AND NOW PMB were not exempted. Is all about trust my Igbo brothers and sisters. TRUST, PEACE, AND LOVE.

  24. Emmanuel Yakubu Vom

    February 7, 2016 at 8:13 AM

    The**** can go, they are like a cancer. About 80% of them are leaving outside the ****land invalovled in criminality everywhere. They are mostly those who benefitted in the looting of nigeria under the criminal GEJ. Can you imagine how the imagine of nigeria will rise abroad if the criminals are out, Nigeria will no longer be termed a country of fruadstars but Biafra. I just pray they find a land for all their criminal brothers desecrating other regions because when we all try to implement the actualization of BIAFRA, we will not harbor the ******

  25. Dede

    February 7, 2016 at 11:29 AM

    Muhammad Isa Gunda from “GOMBE” State, let me offer you a little help. I would have been pleased to help you maximally but, the time to do so is far from my side. Are you not supposed to remove the clog on your face before you are able to help someone else with a speck in his eyes?

    You just scored an own goal. How? You succeeded in accentuating the reasons( the ones you know and the ones you are unaware of) why BIAFRA MUST STAND. You can only succeed to sway the gullible and those whose long-companion has been MRS BIAS to your side.

    Going through your write-up, I see sentiment, vindictiveness, animosity, delusion, vengefulness and naivety being smoke-screened by peace and unity agenda.

    Let me just comment on your first paragraph and that will help you see how skewed your mind is.

    I quote, ” Once again the corporate body known as Nigeria is shaking on its legs..” On quote. Honestly, you confound me. You made me asked myself some soul searching questions such as
    1) Is this guy bearing his real name? What I mean is, may be you are from the Southern part of Nig but decided to choose a fake name just to falsely portray that you are from the Northern part of this country. If you are actually from the North how come you have never deemed appropriate to write “AN” article on the deadly activities of your brothers the Book Haramians and their mean sponsors? No single comment from you on these site all these years of wanton and senseless killings of innocent souls(fetuses, pregnant women, neonates, infants, …aged) in cold blood and the untold hardship caused to the survivors of the mayhem unleashed on the peaceful people of the Northeast by BH and their cohorts.

    2) I asked my self again , is this guy actually from Gombe state? You may actually be a Gombe state indegene but not resident in same and you may not have paid any recent visit to your purported state. But you read or watch news(news on Naijagist inclusive) about our country Nig. Have been in limbo all this while not to know that Gombe state is one of the four state out of thirty six States of Nig that are ravaged by BH heinous activities? I mean your acclaimed state. Are you not supposed to occupy your thought on a daily bases on how to assist the FG end the excesses and escapades of BH in your state and Northeast in general? Your humble article on this site should be on suggestions strategies on how to put to an end the activities of these blood sucking demons. Shouldn’t that be your top priority ?.

    Can you now see that “the legs of Nigeria” is not shaking but crippled by no other people than your own brothers whom dine and live with and you have never winced let alone air or mutter a word……..



    Stop fooling yourself. That’s my advice to you .

    • Omokehinde

      February 7, 2016 at 9:42 PM

      Dede, it is you that must stop fooling around and not Mohammed Isa. Why? You were so angry and biased in your judgment that you even deny the writer’s identity. “Dede” doesn’t sound anyway like Igbo names. But the writer names and email show a clearer identity of his personality far better than yours. Again you ignorantly compared Boko Haram terrorists to Igbo Coup of 1966 popularly known as Igbo Ethnic Cleansing. That is the dumbest comparison I have seen in my entire life. Why? Those Igbo tribalistic soldiers that killed political founding fathers of the Yorubas and Hausa/Fulani does not kill their own in the coup. Instead, Zik, Opara, and other noticeable Igbo politicians lives were spsred. HOWEVER, Boko Haram have killed more Muslims and Hausa in great number far than any religion group or tribe since they started their evil campaign mainly in the Northeast but not in any Sourthern states of the federation. For you to make such comparison, the Biafran agitation must start killing their fellow Igbos in the Southeast region and start distorting the economic activities of that region, then such comparison will make sense to me.

      Let me tell you why the Ethnic cleansing of 1966 was premeditated far before the independent by the Igbos. When God Almighty declared in the Bible, “Behold all men are equal before me.” The Igbo political founding fathers like Dr. NNAMDI AZIKWE ans Charles Onyeama as far back as in the 40s believed in the supremacy and dominance of Igbo tribe over all other tribes in Nigeria and beyond. Please calmly read the following quotes from them:
      1. Mr. Oyeeama Charles says, “The domination of Nigeria and Africa by the Igbos is only a matter of time.” while addressing Igbo State Union in the 40s. Dr. Azikwe also reaffirmed that dominance intention while addressing the same union more than twenty years before the independent. Read his statement below.
      2. Dr. Azikwe says,”The gods of the Igbos will eventually give them the leadership of Nigeria and Africa.”
      Recently, one dumb Igbo criminal called Chief Orji Uzor Kalu who also benefifed greatly from Jonathan corruption and looting says,”Lagos is a no man’s land.” but Abia, Anambra,Enugu, and Imo states are Igbo heritage but there are not no man’s land. Because of Yorubas hospitality in southwest region, the dominant spirit in them make them to feel that they now owns Lagos state. They must ask God for forgiveness, hold their political leaders accountable, and stop blaming other for their own problems. Whatever you sow , you will surely reap. Enough of all this nonsense claim and false accusations.

  26. sola olaniyi

    February 8, 2016 at 7:51 AM

    too long..

  27. Emmanuel

    February 8, 2016 at 3:35 PM

    Am not surprised at ur opinions,People will cook stories to favour themselve,Even those bombing at Igbo parks where igbos are dying like chickens,no one is talking about that,it is now that u knw that Igbo’s plotted coup,killed people, that’s ur own opinion..The simple truth is that Nigeria is not a unity country, it is a forced union by the british and not a union willingly entered by the people and that’s why we are not united,the truth might be bitter but believe me,come rain come shine we can never be united.Nigeria is too large and too sturborn for one person to control,population of over 160million,,what’s d population of Sudan,Guinea before secession,, So let Biafrans go!!!!!

  28. Emmanuel

    February 8, 2016 at 3:38 PM

    Am not surprised at ur opinions,People will cook stories to favour themselve,Even those bombing at Igbo parks where igbos are dying like chickens,no one is talking about that,it is now that u knw that Igbo’s plotted coup,killed people, that’s ur own opinion..The simple truth is that Nigeria is not a unity country, it is a forced union by the british and not a union willingly entered by the people and that’s why we are not united,the truth might be bitter but believe me,come rain come shine we can never be united.Nigeria is too large and too sturborn for one person to control,population of over 160million,,what’s d population of Sudan,Guinea before secession,, So let Biafrans go!!!!!

  29. Emmanuel

    February 8, 2016 at 3:40 PM

    Am not surprised at ur opinions,People will cook stories to favour themselve,Even those bombing at Igbo parks where igbos are dying like chickens,no one is talking about that,it is now that u knw that Igbo’s plotted coup,killed people, that’s ur own opinion..The simple truth is that Nigeria is not a unity country, it is a forced union by the british and not a union willingly entered by the people and that’s why we are not united,the truth might be bitter but believe me,come rain come shine we can never be united.Nigeria is too large and too sturborn for one person to control,population of over 160million,,what’s d population of Sudan,Guinea before secession,, So let Biafrans go!!!!!.

  30. Ebuka

    February 9, 2016 at 10:34 PM

    @ omokehinde and Mohammed…. ***os are criminals, evil and tribalistic, we concur. My question is “why don’t u tel ur good people from Hausa and Yoruba to let the criminals (igbos) go. I TIRE FOR U PEOPLE OO!!!!

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