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Wole Soyinka: I’m Fortunate To Be Born A Christian


Wole Soyinka: I’m Fortunate To Be Born A Christian

wole soyinka religion

Oct 18, 2012 – Wole Soyinka: I’m Fortunate To Be Born A Christian

The Nobel prize-winner Wole Soyinka spoke this week at the Hay Festival in Mexico. In an extract from his talk, he tells Peter Godwin that now’s the time to tackle militants in Nigeria.

   Professor Soyinka, you’re not an ivory-tower kind of writer. You are not a stranger to danger, and in fact you’ve been imprisoned on at least two occasions, once in solitary confinement. Can you tell me what that was like?

Writing in certain environments carries with it an occupational risk. When I was imprisoned, without trial, it was as a result of a position I took as a citizen. Of course I used my weapon, which was writing, to express my disapproval of the [Biafran] civil war into which we were about to enter. These were people who’d been abused, who’d undergone genocide, and who felt completely rejected by the rest of the community, and therefore decided to break away and form a nation of its own.

Unfortunately, the nature of my imprisonment meant that I couldn’t practise my trade because I was in solitary confinement for 22 months out of the 27, and I was deprived of writing material. So I had to somehow break through the barriers, smuggle in toilet paper, cigarette paper, scribble a few poems, pass messages outside. I was able to undertake exercises to make sure that I emerged from prison intact mentally.

   There have been high hopes for some African leaders after they were elected – Meles in Ethiopia, or Museveni in Uganda, or Kagame in Rwanda – but who then went to to show a more authoritarian bent. Are you an Afro-optimist or an Afro-pessimist?

I’m an Afro-realist. I take what comes, and I do my best to affect what is unacceptable in society. I’ve remarked how similar in many ways Mexico is to Nigeria, and to a number of places: we have the same condition of unstructured, unpredictable violence, both from the state and from what I call the quasi-state.

Whether the quasi-state is formed, as its basis, of theocratic tendencies, or secular ideological rigidity, you always have forces, even outside the state, competing for the domination of people. That’s what’s happening on the African continent today. That’s what’s been happening in the Arab states and what led eventually to the Arab Spring. Gradually people come to the recognition after decades of supine submission that they are not whole as human beings.

 Your parents were Christians, Anglicans, I understand. How has your own religious belief evolved?

I consider myself very fortunate. I was raised in a Christian environment in Abeokuta, but another side of me was very much enmeshed in African values. I gravitated towards what I saw was a cohesive system of a certain relationship of human beings to environment, a respect for humanity in general. I came through a traditional system, where children not only had rights, but had responsibility. In the European world today, especially in America, it seems to be forbidden for children to have responsibilities…

I gravitated towards a deeper knowledge of the orisha, which represents the Yoruba pantheon, very similar in many ways to the Greek pantheon. You have reprobate deities, beneficent deities. I found that more honest than a kind of unicellular deity of either Christianity or Islam.

I don’t know if you’ve been following the news, but just a few days ago some of these Islamic fundamentalists butchered close to 50 students of a technical college. I cannot imagine the religion I was brought up in having such complete contempt for human lives. And yet these are supposed to be the world religions. So that’s why I consider myself rather fortunate that I’ve been able to see what other religions had to offer.

Wole Soyinka On Boko Haram

   How should Nigeria deal with the Boko Haram, the Islamic militants in the north of the country?

All religions accept that there is something called criminality. And criminality cannot be excused by religious fervour. Let me repeat something I first said at the meeting organised by Unesco a few weeks ago, which was prompted by the recent film insulting the religion of Islam and depicting the Prophet Mohammed in a very crass way.

The first thing to say is that we do not welcome any attempt to ravage religious sensibilities. That can be taken for granted. But you cannot hold the world to ransom simply because some idiot chose to insult a religion in some far off place which most of the world has never even heard of. This for me is a kind of fundamentalist tyranny that should be totally unacceptable. So a group calls itself the Boko Haram, literally: “Book is taboo”, the book is anathema, the book is a product of Western civilisation, therefore it must be rejected.

You go from the rejection of books to the rejection of institutions which utilise the book, and that means virtually all institutions. You attack universities, you kill professors, then you butcher students, you close down primary schools, you try and create a religious Maginot Line through which nothing should penetrate. That’s not religion; that’s lunacy. My Christian family lived just next door to Muslims. We celebrated Ramadan with Muslims; they celebrated Christmas with Christians. This is how I grew up. And now this virus is spreading all around the world, leading to the massacre of 50 students. This is not taking arms against the state, this is taking up arms against humanity.

  Is freedom of expression something you see as a universal right rather than as some Western construct?

There are many cultures on the African continent where days are set aside, days of irreverence where you can say anything you want about an all-powerful monarch or chief. It’s a safety valve. It’s a recognition of freedom of expression, which perhaps has not been exercised, and bottled up grievances; this is the day when you express your grievances in society. So there is no society, really, which does not boast some form or measure of freedom of expression. Now, it’s true that freedom of expression carries with it an immense responsibility. Well that is why laws of libel exist – that when you carry things too far, you can be hauled up before the community, and judged to see whether you are right to call somebody a thief, or a hypocrite, and damage his reputation. But unless you establish that principle of freedom of expression, we might all just go around with a padlock on our lips.

  Audience member: I read somewhere my freedom ends where your freedom begins. In Europe there have been cartoonists who have mocked the Prophet. Should they limit their freedom of speech?

Religion is also freedom of expression. People want to express themselves spiritually. And they also exercise the right to try and persuade others into their own system of belief. Those nations that say it’s a crime to preach your religion are making a terrible mistake. All they’re doing is driving underground other forms of spiritual intuitions and practices.

If religion was to be taken away from the world completely, including the one I grew up with, I’d be one of the happiest people in the world. My only fear is that maybe something more terrible would be invented to replace it, so we’d better just get along with what there is right now and keep it under control.

The unrest which is taking place as a result of Boko Haram, in my view, has attained critical mass. When a movement reaches that state of total contempt even for universal norms, it is sending a message to the rest of the world, and to the rest of that nation, that this is a war to the end. The president of Nigeria is making a mistake in not telling the nation that it should place itself on a war footing. There’s too much pussyfooting, there’s too much false intellectualisation of what is going on, such as this is the result of corruption, this is the result of poverty, this is the result of marginalisation. Yes, of course, all these negativities have to do with what is happening right now. But when the people themselves come out and say we will not even talk to the president unless he converts to Islam, they are already stating their terms of conflict.

Unedited transcript of Wole Soyinka’s event at Hay Xalapa. (Source: London Daily Telegraph)



  1. Ohyindey Victoriah Mo'unique

    October 18, 2012 at 7:38 PM

    It's well said.

  2. Gabriel Sunday

    October 19, 2012 at 4:57 AM

    Toh Naija una don hear ram an english professor, the man wey de use english brush teeth don tokm finish o.

  3. Auwal Abdullahi

    October 20, 2012 at 5:56 AM

    sometimes you wonder what kind of professors we have? speaking with inherent bias and phobia, i challenge the prof. to prove that the dastardly act of Mubi massacre was carried out by a particular group? perhaps the Aluu killings was also carried by the same set of people…? i’m beginning to suspect that the ‘erudite’ scholar of drama is nothing but a rabble-rouser.

    • Pheliciti

      October 21, 2012 at 2:19 PM

      Not surprised. The prof has a morbid hatred for Islam, to the extent of lying at any opportunity. It was well reported that the Mubi killings was by cultist/ student unionists. He should realize that ordinary people hang on to the words of eminent persons like him and he can lead or mislead them as he chooses.

    • Happiness

      May 30, 2013 at 7:52 PM

      @anwal abdullahi, the truth is always bitter. We all should live in one peace and unity. We are all created by one GOD. My people come to think of it, what if those that are born in a Christian family are been born in a Muslim family of today and vise-visa, What do we have to say about this? God is never a fool for allowing two religion to exist cos he knows better than we all do. We are one people in the world my brother and sisters, no matter the religion, color or tribe. We are all ONE PEOPLE in one way or the other.
      The enemies are trying to brain wash us so that CONFLICT will be in our mist, which is leading to serious killings. Enough is Enough!

      You and i can be in one religion or the other, so please let us stop this madness (Killing, bombing ) and face reality.

      The question is How well have u live you life?

  4. Dada Titex

    October 20, 2012 at 4:11 PM

    Na true Prof. just yana. The Prof wey dey even use english cook and eat. E go make more sense say make we dey always do the rite tinz making 4 9ja make sense.

  5. Love

    October 21, 2012 at 8:36 PM

    Professor Soyinka should be told point blank that there is God and He will judge all men including all professors how we live. Our lives and also if he is saved and has accepted Jesus as Lord and Savior, without these no heaven. And if he doesn’t believe in he’ll or heaven, when he die he will believe.

    Christianity is not a religion, it is the on,y way through which man can be saved period.

    And nobody has right to take another man’s life for any reason in any name of any religion whether we love or hate a religion.

    Are we no more brothers and sisters in Nigeria as Christians and Moslems?

    I have Moslems and Christians among my family, should I disown them?

    Why have we become so wicked to one another in Nigeria?

    Please we need to pray to God for every intruder and external forces arranging the killings of Nigerians by Nigerians to be overpowered by God Almighty. It is strange in our country and beyond ordinary please.
    Thank you

  6. rotimi

    July 14, 2013 at 5:30 AM

    i pray d prof. Realise that christianity is no more a religion but a life-style. There are reasons for life on earth and it?s certain that evry man wil make an account of such an opportunity. Jesus is d true link 2 God, accept him.

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